This month Tate Modern will be presenting the first major UK exhibition of Alexander Calder for over 50 years.
The show will trace the works of the groundbreaking sculptor from his initial years in Paris to his later life when he gained renown for his mobile and stabile sculptures.
Calder was one of the truly ground-breaking artists of the 20th century and as a pioneer of kinetic sculpture, played an essential role in shaping the history of modernism. Alexander Calder: Performing Sculpture brings together over 100 works to reveal how Calder turned sculpture from a static object into a continually changing work to be experienced in real time.
The exhibition, which will run until spring 2016, will include a wide selection of Calder's motorised constructions and figurative wire portraits, often inspired by the circus or cabaret, alongside his suspended kinetic sculptures of vividly coloured shapes. It was these works of wire and sheet metal that are now seen as the invention of the mobile, a term first coined by dada artist Marcel Duchamp.
Visitors to the exhibition will have a crucial role in bringing the Calder’s mobiles to life. According to the curators of the show, the movement of people around the exhibition space will create the airflows necessary to make Calder's "kinetic sculptures" rotate.